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Migraine pains being felt by woman on a couch. Learn about vitamins and supplements for migraine relief

How common do you think migraines are? Where do migraines rank among the world’s most debilitating diseases? And are there vitamin over-the-counter vitamins and supplements for migraine relief? The answers may be surprising.

The World Health Organization reported migraines are the third most common disease in the world (behind dental cavities and tension-type headaches). In fact, one in four U.S. households includes a migraine sufferer.

Common triggers for migraines include fatigue, hormonal changes, certain foods, and stress. Without proper treatment, a migraine can take anywhere from several hours to several days to run its course. Often characterized by a throbbing headache, migraines may be accompanied by many other unpleasant symptoms including nausea, light sensitivity, blurred vision, lightheadedness, and confusion.

Fortunately, encouraging science is finding better vitamin and supplement levels may also help in the fight. Below is a list of five supplements that, according to current research, may be helpful in the prevention or improvement of migraines.

Vitamins and Supplements for Migraine Relief: How Much Do You Need?

1. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) Ubiquinol 

100 mg CoQ10 Ubiquinol Supplement

$36.48 Add to cart

A double-blind trial of 42 migraine patients showed taking 100 mg of CoQ10 three times per day (total 300 mg per day) reduced migraine frequency, number of headache days and number of days with nausea.

CoQ10 is a vitamin that works as an antioxidant necessary for the basic functioning and energy production of cells.  It is manufactured in the human body (in the heart, liver and pancreas). Yet, Only very small amounts of coQ10 are found in food such as chicken and beef. Ultimately, supplements are the most common way to increase levels of CoQ10.

Cooper Complete Products Containing CoQ10: Original multivitamin, 100 mg; CoQ10 Ubiquinol 50 mg supplement; CoQ10 Ubiquinol 100 mg supplement

2. Magnesium

A 12-week, double-blinded study followed 81 people with recurring migraines. Half received 600 mg of magnesium daily and the other half a placebo. The frequency of migraines for those taking magnesium was reduced by 41.6 percent compared to 15.8 percent in the placebo group.

Magnesium is a mineral involved in nerve cell function. Magnesium occurs naturally in nuts, whole grains, and dark green vegetables such as spinach.

Cooper Complete offers two Magnesium options: Magnesium Oxide and Magnesium Glycinate.

3. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Riboflavin is number three on our list of supplements for migraine relief as multiple studies have shown favorable results for high levels of vitamin B2 reducing the number of migraine occurrences.

One example is a three-month, randomized trial of 55 people. Some were given 400 mg of B2 as compared to the placebo group. Fifty-nine percent of the B2 group saw significant improvement as opposed to only 15 percent of the placebo group. Markedly, the majority of those given B2 experienced more than a 50 percent decrease in the number of migraine attacks.

Vitamin B2 is a vitamin that plays an important role in metabolism and boosting energy production inside nerve cells.  B2 is naturally present in many vegetables and leafy greens, nuts, wild rice and organ meats such as the liver.

Cooper Complete Products Containing Vitamin B2:  Basic One multivitamins, 2 mg; Original multivitamins, 10 mg

4. Vitamin D

Research presented at the 58th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Headache Society supported that vitamin D deficiency contributed to migraine occurrence. Overall, investigation of the benefits of vitamin D for migraines is in the preliminary stages.  However, in general, vitamin D deficiency is common in the United States. Cooper Clinic recommends a baseline of 50 mcg (2,000 IU) of vitamin D across the board.

Vitamin D is a crucial ingredient for many important body functions. Chiefly, its best known for helping absorb calcium and promote healthy bone growth. In particular, deficiency is linked to many conditions such as certain cancers, depression, and heart disease.  Vitamin D is present naturally in fish, eggs, and fortified milk; also absorbed through sun exposure

Cooper Complete Products Containing Vitamin D: Basic One and Original – 50 mcg (2,000 IU); Vitamin D-3 softgels 25 mcg (1,000 IU)Vitamin D-3 softgels 125 mcg (5,000 IU)

5. Melatonin

Prolonged Release Melatonin Supplement

$14.48 Add to cart

While melatonin is typically recommended to support restful sleep, it also offers immune support and surprisingly, is our fifth supplement for migraine relief. Study participants took 3 mg of quick-release melatonin 30 minutes before bedtime for three months. In this dosage, more than 75 percent experienced a decrease in migraines.

The pineal gland creates melatonin as a natural hormone to regulate sleep. In addition to this study, some research suggests melatonin production might be different in people with migraines.

Cooper Complete Products Containing Melatonin: Quick Release Melatonin supplement, 3 mg; Prolonged Release Melatonin supplement, 3 mg

If you are battling migraines, talk with your doctor about adding these supplements to your treatment plan. Obtaining proper nutrients supports a healthy lifestyle, which is why Dr. Kenneth Cooper advocates taking the right nutritional supplements as well as eating a balanced diet.

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